About the Petroleum Industry
Geophysical Services (Land and Seismic)
Before companies can reach the wealth of resources that lay
underground, they must first obtain the rights to the land. Oil and
gas companies participate in a bidding and negotiation process to
secure rights to the land. There are three sets of rights that must
be gained before any oil and gas operations can begin:
- Surface rights allow companies to work on the
surface of the land.
- Mineral rights allow companies to explore and
produce the resources underground. Most mineral rights are owned by
provincial governments. Other mineral rights are owned by federal
governments or individual private owners.
- Freehold rights are rights that are not owned
Companies use land
agents and other specialty energy asset management professionals to
negotiate agreements and contracts with land owners, First Nations
and Aboriginal groups, and address any questions or concerns they
For more land management information,
Interested in working in the land sector? You
have lots of choices! Check out your career options in Land Negotiation and Management.
Geologists and geophysicists use seismic surveys to identify
underground structures that may contain crude oil or natural gas.
During a seismic survey, the crew lays out sensitive recording
equipment called geophones on the ground. Then they make
underground explosions or surface vibrations that create seismic
waves. The seismic waves are reflected from the rock formations
under the ground and recorded as seismic data. This data is
processed with powerful computers and specialized software, which
produces an image of where oil or gas can be found.
Most of the work in the seismic sector is done outdoors.
Employees work in crews, moving from location to location.
For more seismic information, visit:
Interested in working in the seismic sector?
You have lots of choices! Check out your career options as